He greieved for his amigos Literary Devices: rhyme, consonance, imagery, alliteration, metonymy, personification, hyperbole

Rhyme - Shakespeare uses an abab, cdcd, efef, gg rhyme schem in his sonnets. He divides his sonnets into three quatraines with alternating rhyme scheme followed by one rhyming couplet to resolve the sonnet.

Consonance - the repeated consonants in each line create consonance.

Imagery - the word "sessions" in the first line is related to a court session. The imagery of a court room is continued through language such as "summon", "canceled", "expense", "grievences", "account", "paid", and "restored". All these words create visual imagery of a trial in progress. This is almost a metaphor in that Shakespear is judging past woes, as one would in court.

  • Associations due to imagery: the thinker, missed opportunites, trip down memory lane, strong true friendships, whips of thought as if dreaming, mourner

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Alliteration - repeated sounds are evident throughout the poem. One example is the repeated "s" and "t" sounds in the phrase "sessions of sweet silent thought".

Metonymy - there are a plethora of examples throughout the poem:
  • sweet - speaker does not actually mean "sweet" to taste, but rather intends to depict a pleasant sensation
  • things - events, rather than actual items
  • flow - tears, not an actual current in a river
  • hid - lost to, not hiding in
  • heavily - profoundly, not an actual weight
  • pay/paid - experienced, not an actual settling of debt with money or other currency

Personification - death and love are inanimate, yet they are both said to posses something (night and a canceled woe)

Hyperbole - the speaker can not actually drown an eye, but he is referring to a lot of tears.

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